Topic : chemicals

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surfactant

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An acronym for Surface Active Agent; surfactants improve the wetting, absorption, or flow of a liquid on a solid surface.

Keywords: chemicals   disinfection  

solvent

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance capable of dissolving other solids or liquids, i.e. water is called the “universal solvent.”

Keywords: chemicals  

solute

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that is dissolved by a solvent.

Keywords: chemicals  

skin absorption

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The ability of certain chemicals to pass through the epidermis into the dermis, where it may be transported into the bloodstream.

Keywords: chemicals  

sensitizer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A chemical that causes a substantial proportion of exposed people or animals to develop an allergic reaction in normal tissue after repeated (or prolonged) exposure to the chemical.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

sensitization

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The biological process of becoming sensitive to a particular substance; adverse reactions to a chemical resulting from previous exposure to that chemical or one of a similar type or structure.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

primary irritant

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that causes acute or immediate irritation to skin and/or soft tissue.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

primary allergen

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that can cause acute or immediate allergic reactions, for example, poison ivy is a primary allergen.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

powder

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Materials that have been finely ground or pulverized into very small, individual particles; the term typically refers to the polymer powders used to create acrylic (liquid/powder) systems; these substances are usually blends of finely ground methacrylate polymers. Acrylic powder was already in use in dentistry before it was ever applied to nails.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   enhancements   nail chemistry  

polymer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Polymer refers to the chemical bonding of many smaller individual organic monomers into a large structure, i.e. hair is a polymer of thousands of amino acids connected into chains; also refers to the powder part of an acrylic system.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   gels   polymer  

polish thinner

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A volatile solvent added to polish to restore the product to its original consistency or viscosity; also called polish solvent.

Keywords: chemicals   ingredients   polish  

polish dryer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Any mechanical device, brush-on liquid, or spray used to quickly dry nail polish.

Keywords: chemicals   manicure accessories   polish-drying products  

polish

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Nail polish is a solvent-based coating containing pigments and/or dyes used to create decorative effects on fingernails or toenails. It debuted in 1900 as a glossy nail varnish (applied with a camel-hair brush) that wore off in a day, but today’s polish is the icing on the manicure — and pedicure — cake.

Keywords: chemicals   polish  

phthalates

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A family of chemicals, produced from phthalic anhydride (a white crystalline compound) and alcohols, frequently used as plasticizers in plastics and cosmetics, including nail polish.

Keywords: chemicals  

photosynthesis

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The formation of chemical compounds with the aid of radiant energy and light; formation of carbohydrates in the chlorophyll-containing tissues of plants exposed to light.

Keywords: chemicals  

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