Topic : chemicals

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surfactant

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An acronym for Surface Active Agent; surfactants improve the wetting, absorption, or flow of a liquid on a solid surface.

Keywords: chemicals   disinfection  

solvent

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance capable of dissolving other solids or liquids, i.e. water is called the “universal solvent.”

Keywords: chemicals  

solute

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that is dissolved by a solvent.

Keywords: chemicals  

skin absorption

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The ability of certain chemicals to pass through the epidermis into the dermis, where it may be transported into the bloodstream.

Keywords: chemicals  

sensitizer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A chemical that causes a substantial proportion of exposed people or animals to develop an allergic reaction in normal tissue after repeated (or prolonged) exposure to the chemical.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

sensitization

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The biological process of becoming sensitive to a particular substance; adverse reactions to a chemical resulting from previous exposure to that chemical or one of a similar type or structure.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

primary irritant

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that causes acute or immediate irritation to skin and/or soft tissue.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

primary allergen

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that can cause acute or immediate allergic reactions, for example, poison ivy is a primary allergen.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

powder

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Materials that have been finely ground or pulverized into very small, individual particles; the term typically refers to the polymer powders used to create acrylic (liquid/powder) systems; these substances are usually blends of finely ground methacrylate polymers. Acrylic powder was already in use in dentistry before it was ever applied to nails.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   enhancements   nail chemistry  

polymer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Polymer refers to the chemical bonding of many smaller individual organic monomers into a large structure, i.e. hair is a polymer of thousands of amino acids connected into chains; also refers to the powder part of an acrylic system.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   gels   polymer  

polish thinner

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A volatile solvent added to polish to restore the product to its original consistency or viscosity; also called polish solvent.

Keywords: chemicals   ingredients   polish  

polish dryer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Any mechanical device, brush-on liquid, or spray used to quickly dry nail polish.

Keywords: chemicals   manicure accessories   polish-drying products  

polish

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Nail polish is a solvent-based coating containing pigments and/or dyes used to create decorative effects on fingernails or toenails. It debuted in 1900 as a glossy nail varnish (applied with a camel-hair brush) that wore off in a day, but today’s polish is the icing on the manicure — and pedicure — cake.

Keywords: chemicals   polish  

phthalates

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A family of chemicals, produced from phthalic anhydride (a white crystalline compound) and alcohols, frequently used as plasticizers in plastics and cosmetics, including nail polish.

Keywords: chemicals  

photosynthesis

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The formation of chemical compounds with the aid of radiant energy and light; formation of carbohydrates in the chlorophyll-containing tissues of plants exposed to light.

Keywords: chemicals  

Encyclopedia

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is an acrylic monomer found by the FDA in 1978 to be unsafe for use in nail products because of the health risk posed to man...
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