Topic : chemicals

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photoinitiators

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Ingredients that absorb light (usually UV light) and convert it into the energy needed to drive the polymerization process.

Keywords: chemicals   nail chemistry  

pH

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The measure or level of hydrogen ions (H+) in water-based solutions; used to determine the acidity (pH1.0-6.0) or alkalinity (pH 8.0-14.0) of water-based solutions; pure water has a pH of 7.0.

Keywords: chemicals   nail chemistry  

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A federal organization whose responsibility it is to ensure safe working conditions for employees.

Keywords: chemicals   ergonomics   staff management  

organic

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Any substance that contains the element carbon; nearly every product used in nail care is organic; this term does not imply any degree of safety.

Keywords: chemicals  

non-toxic

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

For a substance to be considered “non-toxic” it must have an LD50 rating of >15g/Kg; for the average adult, this is equal to the ingestion of more than one quart of the non-toxic substance without it causing harmful effects; any substance with an LD50 rating of <15g/Kg is considered toxic to some degree.

Keywords: chemicals  

non-acid primer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that increases the adhesion of artificial nail products to the natural nail without the use of methacrylic acid; also called non-etching primer.

Keywords: chemicals   primers  

non-acetone polish remover

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A remover usually containing the solvents ethyl acetate or methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) instead of acetone.

Keywords: acetone/removal products   chemicals   removal products  

nitrocellulose

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Nitrocellulose is a polymer used in the production of many nail polishes and top coats.

Keywords: chemicals   nail chemistry   polish   top coats  

MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets)

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Forms that provide safety guidelines for use of professional products; MSDS are required by state and federal law to be distributed by all manufacturers and distributors under the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.

Keywords: chemicals  

monomer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An individual, reactive chemical unit that may be linked to one another to form a polymer; the liquid component in acrylic systems.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   enhancements   nail chemistry  

methylene chloride

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A solvent banned by the FDA for use in all cosmetic aerosols and nail products because of the serious heath risk; currently listed as a probable human cancer-causing agent.

Keywords: chemicals  

methyl methacrylate polymer (PMMA)

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Not to be confused with MMA, a solid polymer substance that has different chemical and physical properties than MMA monomer; it is not harmful to the natural nail, nor is it the same substance that is prohibited by many state and government regulations.

Keywords: chemicals  

methacrylic acid

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An acidic and corrosive substance used in most types of acid-based nail primers.

Keywords: chemicals   primers  

methacrylates

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A family of monomers used in several types of nail enhancement systems.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   enhancements   Gels  

liquid wrap

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A nail polish, base coat, or top coat that contains fibers for reinforcement of the natural nail.

Keywords: chemicals   wraps  

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