Topic : chemicals

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primary allergen

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that can cause acute or immediate allergic reactions, for example, poison ivy is a primary allergen.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

powder

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Materials that have been finely ground or pulverized into very small, individual particles; the term typically refers to the polymer powders used to create acrylic (liquid/powder) systems; these substances are usually blends of finely ground methacrylate polymers. Acrylic powder was already in use in dentistry before it was ever applied to nails.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   enhancements   nail chemistry  

polymer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Polymer refers to the chemical bonding of many smaller individual organic monomers into a large structure, i.e. hair is a polymer of thousands of amino acids connected into chains; also refers to the powder part of an acrylic system.

Keywords: acrylics   chemicals   gels   polymer  

polish thinner

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A volatile solvent added to polish to restore the product to its original consistency or viscosity; also called polish solvent.

Keywords: chemicals   ingredients   polish  

polish dryer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Any mechanical device, brush-on liquid, or spray used to quickly dry nail polish.

Keywords: chemicals   manicure accessories   polish-drying products  

polish

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Nail polish is a solvent-based coating containing pigments and/or dyes used to create decorative effects on fingernails or toenails. It debuted in 1900 as a glossy nail varnish (applied with a camel-hair brush) that wore off in a day, but today’s polish is the icing on the manicure — and pedicure — cake.

Keywords: chemicals   polish  

phthalates

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A family of chemicals, produced from phthalic anhydride (a white crystalline compound) and alcohols, frequently used as plasticizers in plastics and cosmetics, including nail polish.

Keywords: chemicals  

photosynthesis

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The formation of chemical compounds with the aid of radiant energy and light; formation of carbohydrates in the chlorophyll-containing tissues of plants exposed to light.

Keywords: chemicals  

photoinitiators

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Ingredients that absorb light (usually UV light) and convert it into the energy needed to drive the polymerization process.

Keywords: chemicals   nail chemistry  

pH

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The measure or level of hydrogen ions (H+) in water-based solutions; used to determine the acidity (pH1.0-6.0) or alkalinity (pH 8.0-14.0) of water-based solutions; pure water has a pH of 7.0.

Keywords: chemicals   nail chemistry  

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A federal organization whose responsibility it is to ensure safe working conditions for employees.

Keywords: chemicals   ergonomics   staff management  

organic

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Any substance that contains the element carbon; nearly every product used in nail care is organic; this term does not imply any degree of safety.

Keywords: chemicals  

non-toxic

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

For a substance to be considered “non-toxic” it must have an LD50 rating of >15g/Kg; for the average adult, this is equal to the ingestion of more than one quart of the non-toxic substance without it causing harmful effects; any substance with an LD50 rating of <15g/Kg is considered toxic to some degree.

Keywords: chemicals  

non-acid primer

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance that increases the adhesion of artificial nail products to the natural nail without the use of methacrylic acid; also called non-etching primer.

Keywords: chemicals   primers  

non-acetone polish remover

November 20, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A remover usually containing the solvents ethyl acetate or methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) instead of acetone.

Keywords: acetone/removal products   chemicals   removal products  

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