Topic : nail diseases

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leukonychia

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Leukonychia is the complete or partial whitening (spots) of the natural nail plate; usually caused by external physical damage, but other medical conditions may be responsible.

Keywords: leukonychia   nail diseases  

irritant

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A substance capable of causing inflammation of the skin, eyes, nose, throat, or lungs.

Keywords: chemicals   nail diseases  

inverse pterygium

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An abnormal growth of skin under the free edge of the nail plate.

Keywords: nail diseases  

ingrown nail

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A condition of the fingers and toes in which the nail grows into the sides of the tissue around the nail; improper filing of the nail and poor-fitting shoes are two causes of this disorder.

Keywords: ingrown toenails   nail diseases  

hypoallergenic

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A term suggesting that the product contains less or fewer allergy-causing substances (allergens) than other equivalent products;there are no federal guidelines for defining or limiting the use of this term.

Keywords: nail diseases  

hangnails

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A hangnail, also known as agnails; a common condition in which the skin around the nail splits, usually from dryness.

Keywords: hangnails   nail diseases  

hammertoe

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Hammertoe is a deformed, claw-shaped toe, usually the second toe, that results from permanent flexion (bending) between one or both phalangeal joints. It is a progressive problem that could appear on one or all of the toes, hammertoe must be corrected early if sufferers hope to avoid surgery.

Keywords: foot disorders   hammertoes   nail diseases  

ganglion cyst

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Cystic swellings under the skin, generally in the wrist or the upper surface of the foot; a ganglion develops when a jelly-like substance accumulates in one of two places — a joint capsule or a tendon sheath — and causes it to balloon out; usually painless and harmless, it can be surgically treated by draining it with a needle, applying pressure after puncturing it, or surgically removing it.

Keywords: nail diseases  

furrows

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Also known as corrugations, long ridges that run either lengthwise or across the nail; some lengthwise ridges are normal in adult nails, and they increase with age; lengthwise ridges can also be caused by conditions such as psoriasis, poor circulation, and frostbite; ridges that run across the nail can be caused by conditions such as high fever, pregnancy, a zinc deficiency, and measles in childhood.

Keywords: nail diseases  

fungus

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Microscopic plants such as mold, dermatophyte, and yeast; only two members of this family can form colonies in or under the natural nail and under artificial nails; one of these is a yeast called candida albicans and the other is a dematophyte called trichophyton rubrum; if improperly treated, they may lead to serious medical problems; the technical term for fungus is onychomycosis.

Keywords: nail diseases  

eggshell nails

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Nails that are thin, white, and curved over the free edge; the condition is caused by improper diet, internal disease, medication, or nervous disorders.

Keywords: nail diseases  

edema

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A swelling of the tissues due to a localized accumulation of water or fluid.

Keywords: feet   nail diseases  

discolored nail

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A condition in which the nail turns a variety of colors including yellow, blue-gray, green, red, and purple; discoloration can be caused by poor blood circulation, heart conditions, or topical or oral medications, and can be indicative of any number of disorders.

Keywords: nail diseases  

dermatitis

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, rash, swelling, cracking, itching, pain, etc.

Keywords: chemicals   ingredients   nail diseases   skin care  

cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs)

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The fastest-growing type of occupation-related injury involving inflammation of tissues; can cause painful and crippling illness that may be permanent if not treated properly.

Keywords: carpal tunnel syndrome   ergonomics   nail diseases  

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