Topic : nail diseases

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hangnails

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A hangnail, also known as agnails; a common condition in which the skin around the nail splits, usually from dryness.

Keywords: hangnails   nail diseases  

hammertoe

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Hammertoe is a deformed, claw-shaped toe, usually the second toe, that results from permanent flexion (bending) between one or both phalangeal joints. It is a progressive problem that could appear on one or all of the toes, hammertoe must be corrected early if sufferers hope to avoid surgery.

Keywords: foot disorders   hammertoes   nail diseases  

ganglion cyst

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Cystic swellings under the skin, generally in the wrist or the upper surface of the foot; a ganglion develops when a jelly-like substance accumulates in one of two places — a joint capsule or a tendon sheath — and causes it to balloon out; usually painless and harmless, it can be surgically treated by draining it with a needle, applying pressure after puncturing it, or surgically removing it.

Keywords: nail diseases  

furrows

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Also known as corrugations, long ridges that run either lengthwise or across the nail; some lengthwise ridges are normal in adult nails, and they increase with age; lengthwise ridges can also be caused by conditions such as psoriasis, poor circulation, and frostbite; ridges that run across the nail can be caused by conditions such as high fever, pregnancy, a zinc deficiency, and measles in childhood.

Keywords: nail diseases  

fungus

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Microscopic plants such as mold, dermatophyte, and yeast; only two members of this family can form colonies in or under the natural nail and under artificial nails; one of these is a yeast called candida albicans and the other is a dematophyte called trichophyton rubrum; if improperly treated, they may lead to serious medical problems; the technical term for fungus is onychomycosis.

Keywords: nail diseases  

eggshell nails

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Nails that are thin, white, and curved over the free edge; the condition is caused by improper diet, internal disease, medication, or nervous disorders.

Keywords: nail diseases  

edema

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A swelling of the tissues due to a localized accumulation of water or fluid.

Keywords: Feet   nail diseases  

discolored nail

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A condition in which the nail turns a variety of colors including yellow, blue-gray, green, red, and purple; discoloration can be caused by poor blood circulation, heart conditions, or topical or oral medications, and can be indicative of any number of disorders.

Keywords: nail diseases  

dermatitis

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

An inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, rash, swelling, cracking, itching, pain, etc.

Keywords: chemicals   ingredients   nail diseases   skin care  

cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs)

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

The fastest-growing type of occupation-related injury involving inflammation of tissues; can cause painful and crippling illness that may be permanent if not treated properly.

Keywords: carpal tunnel syndrome   ergonomics   nail diseases  

corn

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A corn is a local hardening and thickening of epidermis on top of the toe, often caused by toes rubbing against shoes that are too tight.

Keywords: corns   Feet   nail diseases  

contact dermatitis

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Contact dermatitis (sometimes called allergic contact dermatitis) is caused by allergens that come into contact with the skin,. Allergic contact dermatitis often clears up on its own when suff erers avoid the offending agent.

Keywords: allergic contact dermatitis   chemicals   contact dermatitis   ingredients   nail diseases  

chronic effects

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Adverse health effects caused by repeated or prolonged exposure occurring over a period of time greater than three months.

Keywords: ergonomics   nail diseases  

bruised nails

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

A condition in which a clot of blood forms under the nail plate; the clot is caused by injury to the nail bed and can vary in color from maroon to black.

Keywords: nail diseases  

brittle nails

November 19, 2012  | Encyclopedia

Characterized by brittle, splitting, peeling, or cracking nails; often caused by dehydration; sometimes linked to health conditions such as hypothyroidism and menopause, medications, diuretics, or iron and vitamin A, C, or B6 deficiencies.

Keywords: nail diseases  

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